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Conceptual artist and writer, Robert Morris is born in Kansas City (Missouri, USA) in 1931. He studies art at the Kansas City Art Institute. He is regarded not only as a leading theoreticians and representatives of Minimalism, but also as an artist who has made significant contributions to the development of concepts of performance, installation art and land art. In the 1950s, his work is...
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Biography of Robert Morris
Conceptual artist and writer, Robert Morris is born in Kansas City (Missouri, USA) in 1931. He studies art at the Kansas City Art Institute. He is regarded not only as a leading theoreticians and representatives of Minimalism, but also as an artist who has made significant contributions to the development of concepts of performance, installation art and land art. In the 1950s, his work is influenced by Abstract Expressionism (especially by Jackson Pollock). In California, Morris becomes familiar with the work of composer La Monte Young and John Cage, he is interested in dance and choreography. Robert Morris moves to New York in 1960 and presents an initial performance based on exploration of bodies in a space in which a square column collapses. He develops the same idea in his first minimalist sculptures (from 1961). In New York, Morris realizes works in response to Marcel Duchamp, an artist he studies with passion. In 1964, Morris designs and builds two performances that are still nowadays famous ( "21.3" and "Site"). Morris enrolls at Hunter College in New York, carries his master's thesis on the work of Brancusi and publishes in Artforum in 1966 a series of remarkable articles: Notes on Sculpture. In 1967, Morris creates "Steam", an early example of Land Art. By the late 1960s, his work is presented in many American museums. In 1971, he imagines an installation at the Tate Gallery in London. In the late 1970s, Morris surprisingly evolves into figuration, his work in drama and baroque accents are then frequently inspired by fear of the nuclear Apocalypse. In the 1990s, Robert Morris renews interest in the work of his debut, overseeing the reconstruction and installation of lost pieces. He lives and works in New York.
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Bibliographic track & more
To read from or about the artist :* « A Decade of Sculpture: the New Media in the 1960s », Julia M. Busch, Ed. The Art Alliance Press, Philadelphie, et Associated University Presses, Londres, 1974
* « Death in Black and White: Robert Morris », Nancy Marmer, in revue Art in America, mars 1983
* « Labyrinths: Robert Morris, Minimalism, and the 1960s », Maurice Berger, Ed. Harper & Row, New York, 1989
* « Robert Morris », Catherine Grenier, coll. Contemporains/Monographies, Ed. du Centre Pompidou, Paris, 1995
* « Recent Felt Pieces and Drawings », Rosalind E. Krauss et autres, Henry Moore Sculpture Trust, 1997
* « Ends of the Earth: Land Art to 1974 », Philipp Kaiser et Miwon Kwon, catalogue d'exposition, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, Ed. Prestel, Londres, 2012
Website :No website dedicated to the artist.
Stamp :No stamp made.
- + MINIMAL ART / 1962-1980 / Ad Reinhadt, Robert Morris, Donald Judd, Dan Flavin, Carl André, Richard Tuttle, Robert Ryman, Alan Charlton, etc.
- + LAND ART / 1968- / Walter De Maria, Hamish Fulton, Michael Heizer, Richard Long, Andy Goldsworthy, Denis Oppenheim, etc.
- + MODERN SCULPTURE / 1930-1970 / William Kenneth Armiage, Constantin Brancusi, Anthony Caro, Naum Gabo, Pablo Gargallo, Isamu Noguchi, etc.
Artists on display
The art and the artists display: proclamations, galleries, museums, personal or collective exhibitions. On walls or in shop windows, wise or rebels, posters warn, argue, show. Some were specially conceived by an artist for such or such event, other, colder, have only the letter.
Some were created in lithographic technic, most are simple offset reproductions. They are many those who like collecting these rectangles of paper, monochrome or in games of colours, in matt paper or brilliant, with many words or almost dumb.
We are happy also to be able to greet, by this pages, mythical galleries as those of Denise René, Louis Carré, Claude Bernard, Berheim Jeune, Maeght, Pierre Loeb and others.