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Biography of Bernard Rancillac
The painter Bernard Rancillac is born in Paris in 1931. After a childhood spent in Algeria, his family returns to France in 1937. In 1949, under family pressure, he half-heartedly prepares to become teacher of drawing at the workshop of Met de Penninghen where he meets Bernard Aubertin. During his military service in Morocco, the young artist first exhibited his drawings in a library of Meknes. Back in France, he set up his first workshop in Bourg-la-Reine in 1955 while exercising the profession of teacher. He leaves teaching in 1958, moves to Paris where he studies engraving in the Atelier 17 that runs Stanley William Hayter (1959-1962). In 1961, Bernard Rancillac gets the prize for painting at the Biennial of Paris. In 1963, Rancillac (alongside Monory and Telemaque) is part of the nucleus of the New Figuration that is formed around the Gallery Fels (1963), movement in rupture with geometric abstraction. Since that date, a large number of solo and group exhibitions in France and abroad show his work. His work, particularly since the mid-60s, shows his desire to introduce in his approach a sociological and humanist dimension, and carries a strong social critique. Rancillac incorporates in his paintings images that reflect the dramatic events of everyday or banal world around him; jazz is also a recurring theme of the artist. Bernard Rancillac writes several books. He lives and works in Malakoff in the Hauts-de-Seine.